Karakteristik zodia (Evodia suaveolens) asal Papua berpotensi bagi industri hulu produk pertanian

Characteristics of Zodia (Evodia suaveolens) from Papua potential for the upstream agricultural product industry

  • Farida Iriani Universitas Insan Cendekia Mandiri, Bandung, Indonesia
Keywords: Aristolone, Evodiomine, Longiverbenone, Nanodecane, Selinine, Zodia


The purpose of this study was to determine the types of phytochemical compounds in the organs of the bark, leaves, roots and seeds of the zodia plant. Dried materials from zodiac plant organs (roots, bark, leaves, and seeds) were macerated with ethanol compounds for 3x24 hours, then distilled so that the ethanol compounds evaporate, then macerated again with methanol solvent to obtain a clear macerate, and ended with evaporation with a rotary vacuum device at 50oC. The results of simplisia were identified various phytochemicals contained in each organ through GCMS chromatography tool type QP-2010. Types of phytochemicals are identified and what are their concentrations, as well as how their potential for the development of agricultural products from each zodiac plant organ are the objectives of this experiment. The chromatograms identified various phytochemicals, namely, 56 types of roots, 23 types of leaves, 18 types of stem bark, and 13 types of seeds.  Benzene, cyclopentane, and hexane compounds were present in all four organs tested, typical compounds in roots (nonadecane), stem bark (aristolone), leaves (evodiamine and selin), and seeds (longiverbenone).  Some zodia plant phytochemicals act as antimicrobials, antifungals, and antibacterials, so they have the potential to be utilized as industrial materials for upstream agricultural products.


Author Biography

Farida Iriani, Universitas Insan Cendekia Mandiri, Bandung, Indonesia

Universitas Insan Cendekia Mandiri Jl. Banten no.11 Kel. Kebonwaru, Kec. Batununggal, Kota Bandung


Agustina, A., B. Kurniawan, M. Yusran. (2019). Efektivitas dari tanaman zodiac (Evodia suaveolens) sebagai insektisida nabati nyamuk aedes aegypti penyebab demam berdarah. J. Medula 9(2): 351-358

Balai Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat. (2008). Hasil uji senyawa kimia tanaman zodia. Balittro, Bogor.

Desam, N. G. and A. J. Al-Rajab. (2022). Herbal biomolecule in Healthcare Application: Evodiamine. Retrieved 28 Maret, 2022, from https://www.sciencedirect.com

Direktorat Jenderal Hortikultura RI. (2006). SK Menteri Pertanian Republik Indonesia Nomor: 511/Kpts/PD.310/9/2006 tertanggal 12 September 2006.

Dwiyandana, D. (2011). Penerapan Arsi- tektur Hijau di Kampung Kota (Studi kasus: RW 01 Kampung Pademangan Barat, Jakarta Utara). Wawasan Tridharma 12(XXIII), Kopertis Wilayah IV.

Handayani P. A and Nurcahyanti, H. (2015). Essential oil of Zodia (Evodia suaveolens) leaves extraction using water maceration and distillation method Journal of Renewable Natural Materials 4(1) 1-7.

Hardbone, J. B. (2006). Phytochemical Method (Guide to Modern Ways to Analyze Plants) 4th print. ITB Press, Bandung.

Iriani, F. (2014). Zodia (Evodia suaveolens) Pesona, Budidaya, dan Manfaatnya. Jurnal Composite 1(1): 3-18.

Iriani, F. dan P. W. Yanuastri. (2020). Diversity and phytochemistry analysis in zodia plants organs (Evodia suaveolens). IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 458 (012019): 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/458/1/012019

LCSS, Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary. (2022). Datasheet: Nonadecane. Retrieved 20 April, 2022, from https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

Liu,Q., K. Liu, G. Cui, X. Huang, S. Yao, W. Guo, Z. Qin, Y. Li, R. Yang, W. Pu, L. Zhang, L. He, H. Zhao, W. Yu, M. Tang, X. Tian, D. Cai, Y. Nie, S. Hu, T. Ren, Z .Qiao, H. Huang, Y. A. Zeng, N. Jing, G. Peng, H. Ji, B. Zhou. (2019). Lung regeneration by multipotent stem cells residing at the bronchioalveolar-duct junction. Nature genetics 2(20). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41588-019-0346-6

Liu, J., J. Hua , B. Qu, X. Guo,Y. Wang, M. Shao, S. Luo. (2021). Insecticidal Terpenes From the Essential Oils of Artemisia nakaii and Their Inhibitory Effects on Acetylcholinesterase. Front Plant Sci. 12 (720816). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2021.720816

Maryuni, A. E. (2008). Isolasi dan Identifikasi senyawa antibakteri minyak atsiri daun Zodia. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Tesis. p 21-32

Nimmakayala S, Duggirala S. L and Puchchakayala, G. (2014). Antimicrobial activity of ethanolic extracts of Justicia neesii Bangladesh Journal of Pharmacology. 9(4): 624-627. https://doi.org/10.3329/bjp.v9i4.20571

Paul (2014). Nonadecane is Mosquito repellency. Retrieved 4 Mei, 2022, from https://www.sciencedirect.com

Phytochem. (2016). Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Datbases: n-Docosane. Retrieved 24 April, 2022, from https://phytochem.nal.usda.gov/phytochem/search

Ravelomanantsoa, N., P. Rasoanaivo, M.Delmas. (1995). Furoquinoline from Evodia fatraina. Biochemical systematics and ecology. 23(3): 339. https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-1978(95)00003-D

Ravindran, P. N., Babu, K. N., and Sivaraman, K. (2007). Tumric: The Genus Curcuma, Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Industrial Profiles. CRC Press, New York. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781420006322

Tjitrosoepomo, G. (2010). Morfologi Tumbuhan. UGM Press, Yogyakarta.

How to Cite
Iriani, F. (2023). Karakteristik zodia (Evodia suaveolens) asal Papua berpotensi bagi industri hulu produk pertanian. Cassowary, 6(1), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.30862/casssowary.cs.v6.i1.164